Napoleon Bonaparte (1824 - 1876 a.t.b) was born in the French held island of Corsica, despite his father being Italian, he was able to gain French citizenship. And became military and political leader who successfully led France after the events of the French revolution. Napoleon in 1859 a.t.b became emperor, however this act, had caused many to see him as a dictator, rather than a member of the constitution.
In 1860 a.t.b., after the French victory at the Battle of Trafalgar against the British Empire and Admiral Horatio Nelson. He then proceeded to occupy the British Isles which is either becomes part of the French Empire or had a new puppet government established. That caused the the monarchy, the Britannian Imperial Family, the nobility, and monarchist supporters to be exiled to the Americas, where Washington's Rebellion was recently neutralized, and from there they established the Holy Britannian Empire.
In 1870 a.t.b, Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo and ended the possibility of reconquering Russia. Napoleon Bonaparte died on his way back to France, after his defeat; although it was never proven, it is rumored that assassins poisoned his food in accordance to Elizabeth III's will. Her last words included the famous line, "I do not forget slights to my honor." His victories in Europe led to the Foundation of the Europia United, but is remembered as a dictator, and a tyrant.
Centuries later, E.U. General Gene Smilas hoped to succeed where Napoleon had failed and become Emperor of Europe, believing that the dictatorship of one skilled man would be more beneficial for Europia and save it from the corruption and money worship of the E.U.'s capitalist elites as well as the expansion of Euro Britannia. However, like Napoleon, Smiles would ultimately fail.
C.C. once hinted Lelouch reminded her of Napoleon, as if she had also met him, as well as Washington, and Benjamin Franklin
For more information on the real person, see Napoleon Bonaparte